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Trichomoniasis – Symptome, Behandlung und Prävention

Trichomonas, a single-celled flagellate, is the causative agent of a widespread sexually transmitted infection known as Trichomoniasis or Trichomonad infection. This infection affects both men and women and is transmitted through unprotected sexual contact.

Symptoms of Trichomoniasis – Differences Between Genders

Trichomoniasis can cause different symptoms in each gender. In women, it often manifests with vaginal discomfort, while men may show less obvious signs.

Affected women might notice increased discharge with an unpleasant odor, often having a greenish or yellowish tint. This discharge results from an elevated number of Trichomonads in the vaginal area. Concurrently, itching, burning, and pain during urination may occur. In some cases, the infection can lead to inflammation in the genital region.

Men affected by Trichomoniasis often exhibit less obvious symptoms than women. However, they may experience itching or burning in the urethra, accompanied by a clear to whitish-purulent discharge. In some cases, the infection can also cause mild pain or discomfort in the genital area.

Treatment of Trichomoniasis

The good news is that Trichomonad infection is highly treatable. The most common approach to treating Trichomoniasis involves the use of medications such as Metronidazole. Metronidazole is an antibiotic that specifically targets Trichomonads, inhibiting their reproduction. It is taken orally and can be prescribed for both women and men.

Incubation Period and Transmission

The incubation period, the time between infection and the onset of symptoms, can vary but is typically between 5 and 28 days. During this time, infected individuals can unknowingly transmit the disease to sexual partners. Therefore, it is crucial to seek medical examination and treatment promptly if Trichomonad infection is suspected to prevent the spread of the infection.


To prevent Trichomoniasis, it is advisable to practice safer sex, meaning the use of condoms, especially with multiple sexual partners. Regular screenings for sexually transmitted infections are also essential to detect and treat infections early. Overall, Trichomonad infection can cause unpleasant symptoms and discomfort but is effectively treatable. Adhering to protective measures and undergoing regular health check-ups can help minimize the risk of contracting Trichomonas vaginalis.